Thinking of Growing Saffron and wondering how you can grow it?
Don’t worry. In this article, I will share with you the in-depth details for growing saffron wherever you want.
The most highly desired and exotic spice in the whole world, saffron is a delicate flower that has made its way into almost every cuisine. Once dry, saffron quickly loses 90% of its value, which makes it almost worth more than many times its weight in precious gold.
However, it is relatively easy to learn how to grow saffron, too! All it takes is a bit of patience and hard work, but the result will be pure, gorgeous saffrons every time.
If you want to grow saffron then start with a tall container. This container can be as large as four feet by eight feet; Also make a good cutout in a window box or pot, as long as the lid is kept closed at all times.
Saffron needs a lot of sunlight during the day, so the best place for planting it would be in a south-facing corner of a room. If you live in an area with a lot of frosts, however, you might consider planting saffron in a south-facing corner of an interior balcony or terrace.
When the crocus flower begins to flower, it will look like little stigmas; these stigmas can be planted in groups of two to three and span the plant’s width. You should allow about one inch of space between each stigma and the flower, and you should report every four to six weeks.
After deciding on a suitable place for your saffron planting and corms to bloom, you’re ready to start growing saffron crocuses. Depending on the variety, these bulbs will flower in late summer or early fall, and they do extremely well when planted in large quantities.
Growing saffron crocuses indoors, you’ll want to keep the soil damp; moist soil is perfect for growing saffron crocuses. When the flowers begin to come up, you’ll want to take down the plants to prevent the crocuses from blooming too soon.
Starting in September or October, plant your saffrons and corms in large quantities. The flowers begin to appear in January. You can continue to have your saffrons and corms throughout the spring and summer if you wish, but remember that it’s customary to cut down the plants to maintain the plants in early December.
The leaves on the plant will turn golden in color during this time. The September flowers are considered to be the most beautiful, so you must take good care of them.
In early July, you should separate the flower buds from the stems by cutting them off. The resulting flower buds will have brighter red stigmas than those of the flowers which are still attached. By removing the bright red stigmas from the buds and leaving them on the plant, you maintain the flowers’ bright red color and preserve the fragrance of the saffrons.
In late July, you should transplant the saffrons from their original containers to new pots. When growing saffrons, you have to avoid letting the roots of the plant get too close together. If the plant is in poor health, the leaves may curl up, which you don’t want.
You should place the saffrons on plates so that they are slightly higher than the base of the plant. Once you’ve got the plant to about four to six inches tall, you should place the saffrons above the crocuses in your garden so that they can both get enough sunlight.
Also Read:- Best Guide on Growing Cloves
Requirements For Growing Saffron
The requirements for growing saffron are different depending on the species of plant that you are growing.
Some require a lot of suns, others prefer shade, and some will do well in a mixture of the two. As with all soilless cultivars, the best saffron is grown where the soil has good drainage, and the sun can reach it throughout the year.
One type of saffron available in most gardening centers is Mexican Saffron. It is a cross between Mexican orientals and Asians. It has yellow, orange, and purple colors, and the leaves look like the cashew or Kashmirian cashew.
If grown in containers, this type of saffron can be a big help when starting a home garden as it will provide the needed nitrogen for the growth of the plants.
Here are the few requirements you should meet if you want to grow saffron:-
The most basic requirement for growing saffron is ensuring the correct amount of light and moisture. It is actually an annual plant, hence the name, and will go dormant during the winter. As it comes into season in the spring, it will grow very well.
During its blooming phase, saffron strands will grow about four feet. When it blooms, the flower buds have thorns, and when the flowers fade, they drop off, and the plant falls to the ground.
The plant requires a considerable amount of sunlight and hence should be planted at the south-facing part of the garden.
This can be an issue if the plant is not accustomed to such weather. Another factor that affects the saffron’s growth and requirements is its large flower stalks. They need lots of space to open out. They get acclimated to growing conditions because they spend almost all of their time lying on the ground.
2. Soil & Fertilizer
The other requirements for growing saffron are similar to those of most annual plants. They need rich, well-drained soil. It needs to be fertilized every month during the growing season, and the fertilization should not be too much as to cause the plant to wilt.
Also, while keeping aphids and various grubs at bay, one should prune back the hedges around the perimeter of the plants. The use of organic mulches will help keep the plant cool during hot summer days.
Like all other ornamental grasses, saffron requires regular watering to ensure that it does not wilt.
It will do better if the soil is not dried out completely. Over irrigation can cause the plant to become parched. Another way of avoiding this is by providing the plant with water that is well-distributed.
Another requirement of the plant is good compost. This should be made by roasting dry wheat or corn on a stove, and the resulting slurry is to be applied to the soil. Adding gypsum to the compost is also a good idea.
Another aspect of the plant’s nutrition is the fact that it does not need any fertilizer. Soil which has been enriched by manure will be good enough for growing gypsum in the garden.
5. Moisture & Humidity
The final requirements of growing saffron are moisture and heat. Watering the plant is easy as long as it is not too abundant. Add enough water to the soil to enable the roots to absorb moisture easily.
On the other hand, the heat is easy to control since plenty of greenhouse-type houses are built in Tel Aviv. The heat can be used for the benefit of the plant by ensuring adequate temperatures to encourage its root growth.
The plant can survive just fine with only one mowed hair of grass around it. It does not have to be mown very much. If it is mowed too much, though, it might be damaged. If you are planning to use saffron to decorate your house or give it as a present, then there is no harm in making sure you keep it well watered. Otherwise, it might stain your walls and floors.
It doesn’t matter where you plant it in your garden as long as it gets enough sun and moisture. There are two types of saffron: coarse saffron and golden saffron. Coarse saffron can be grown in the ground and needs less watering, while gold saffron needs more water but is much more decorative.
Also Read:- Best Guide on Growing Cucumbers
FAQ on Growing Saffron
1. How long does saffron take to grow?
Saffron evolved jewel-toned flowers in about 7 to 10 weeks.
2. Is saffron hard to grow?
Not that much if you go through our article, definitely you can also grow saffron easily.
3. Where does saffron grow best?
Saffron grows quickly and strong in full sun and well-drained soil, which is rich in organic matter.
4. Can I grow saffron in pots?
Yes, you can grow saffron in pots but don’t forget to meet their requirements to grow. Or you can grow in a container as well.
Final Words on Growing Saffron
When growing saffron, one should remember that this herb has to be stored away from other herbs since it will cause it to lose its color. It should be kept dry and wrapped in a plastic bag when not in use.
The price of saffron is relatively higher than that of saffron oil. If you grow your saffron, you can also use it for cooking and brewing. There are numerous benefits of growing saffron. Everyone should grow this plant if they want to.